Because many retirees are in a lower federal income tax bracket before they reach the age when they are mandated to take required minimum distributions (RMDs), they have an opportunity to manage the impact of taxes on their income.
The RMD age is 73 for individuals who turn 72 after 2022. In 2033, the RMD age will increase to 75.1
Here are five potential opportunities to consider ahead of your RMD birthday. We — along with your tax advisor — can help you understand whether any of these five actions could benefit you.
1. Converting taxable assets to a Roth
If you expect to be in a higher tax bracket when your RMDs begin, consider converting taxable investments to a Roth IRA or Roth 401(k)2 before then. Think about your ability to pay the taxes on the conversion as well as your timeline before you would need to access the Roth IRA or 401(k). Converting to a Roth IRA or 401(k) generates a tax bill, but it could be less expensive now because of your temporarily lower income tax bracket — and the temporarily lower federal income tax brackets that are set to expire after 2025.
2. Selling investments that have appreciated
The tax rate on long-term capital gains — assets held beyond one year — is based on your taxable income. If you have stocks, mutual funds, bonds or other taxable investments, it may make sense to sell appreciated long-term investments while your taxable income is lower. Some, or all, of net long-term capital gains may be taxable at the 0 percent capital gains tax rate if your taxable income falls below the threshold. Talk to your tax professional to see if this applies to you.
3. Redeeming older savings bonds
While you’re in a lower tax bracket, you may want to cash in savings bonds issued when interest rates were higher. If you have bonds issued more recently, talk to your financial advisor about whether to hang on to them, given rising interest rates.
4. Exercising employee stock options
If you own employee stock options,3 exercising them while you’re in a lower tax bracket may benefit you — especially if the current stock valuation is high.
5. Revisit your withdrawal strategy
Because withdrawals from tax-deferred accounts are neither penalized nor required between ages 59 1/2 and your RMD age, you have more flexibility and control with your withdrawal strategy for retirement savings. Your financial advisor can help you make a plan to determine how much money to withdraw each year while managing your tax liability across the years.
Talk to us
We can help you decide how and when to withdraw money in retirement. A personalized retirement distribution strategy could help make your money last longer.