With the continued increase of electronic filing, it's important to watch out for the latest type of fraud: tax identity theft. In these scams, thieves use your tax information to file fraudulent returns in your name in hopes of pocketing hefty refunds. The IRS estimates that, in 2014, it prevented or recovered $22.5 billion in attempted identity theft refund fraud, but paid $3.1 billion in fraudulent identity theft refunds, according to a report from the U.S. Government Accountability Office1.
What you can do to prevent tax identity theft
- Get your personal identification number (PIN) early. If you know you'll be filing electronically, go to the IRS.gov website and get your electronic filing personal identification number (PIN) number. Once you have your PIN, no one else can file under your name without it.
- File as soon as you receive all your tax statements. Once a return has been filed under a specific Social Security number, the IRS won’t allow a second. If you file once you receive all your tax statements, you’ll lessen the chances of a thief filing in your name.
Before filing your tax return, understand that:
- Depending on IRS mailing deadlines and the types of accounts you own, you may receive more than one tax statement package from Ameriprise Financial.
- Each client in your household may receive a tax statement package for accounts on which they are the designated taxpayer.
- You may receive updated tax statements if you own investments that are likely to experience income reclassification after year-end tax statements have been generated. If you receive updated tax statements after you file your tax return, you may need to file an amended return. Work with a qualified tax professional to determine how the changes may affect you.
Use your shredder. Shred any papers with account numbers, your Social Security number or your date of birth. The trash can is still an identity thief's favorite hunting ground.
Keep your paperwork in a secure spot. Tax and other identity thefts are often committed by people who know the victim. Don’t leave your papers lying around the house for anyone to see.
Avoid tax scams. Phishing rises dramatically during tax season. To reduce susceptibility, never provide your personal information over the phone, through the mail or on the Internet unless you have initiated the contact and are sure of the recipient. If you receive an unexpected or suspicious email, do not open any attachments or click on any links. The IRS only uses the United States Postal Service to communicate with taxpayers for initial contact. The agency never uses email and may sometimes use the phone but only after initial contact has been made via mail. If you receive a phone call or email claiming to be from the IRS, it is likely a scam and you should not respond.
- Check out your tax preparer. If you are using a tax preparer you don't know, check the Better Business Bureau's website and do a general online search to make sure the individual has a good reputation and no complaints have been filed against him or her.
If you think you're a victim of identity theft
If you suspect thieves have gotten hold of your personal financial information, there's plenty of help online from the government to help you sort out the situation. Check out these two useful web pages: